Quite often, when we hand over analyzes in them we see this as an abbreviation ESR.Under this name means the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. To begin with, when the blood is collected and placed in a test tube, it begins to change and acquires another color and consistency.This is because under the force of gravity of the planet, gravity causes all blood corpuscles and primarily red blood cells, settle to the bottom.In vitro collected blood begins to separate.It is possible to see the two parts.The lower part is thick and dark, because there are going to settling red blood cells.The upper part, in turn, becomes clear and transparent, because there is no blood erythrocytes and plasma.

In determining the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in a healthy person takes a certain number of these cells, which settles for a certain amount of time.This quantity is measured by the width of the top of the column of blood in vitro.This value and the ESR determined.In this case, the time taken for one hour, and t

he column width is measured in millimeters.That is why the ESR is measured in a certain figure of the measurement mm / hour.

Many are interested in the question of what the erythrocyte sedimentation rate depends.Primarily for this parameter affects a constant factor, namely the gravitational force.In addition, there is also a permanent unstable factor.It consists in that the blood that is in a constant state of mind, the red blood cells begin to stick together.As a result of their weight becomes larger and it leads to a greater settling rate.However, the bonding of red blood cells is considered a factor in the presence of the disease.

fact that when the body starts the inflammatory process, this leads to the appearance and accumulation of these substances in the blood, which accelerate the process of splicing of erythrocytes.However, some diseases such substances produced quite a lot, and at the other very little.While it is generally between inflammation and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, there is a direct relationship.If there is inflammation, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate increases.

Such reaction is considered non-specific and therefore with an increase in this parameter impossible to accurately give assumption development of a particular disease.Typically, increased ESR rate is observed in the presence of chronic or acute infectious disease, blood disease, rheumatic process and more.Thus, to give an accurate description of reason for increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is possible only after extensive additional testing and medical history.


  • 1 norm in the blood erythrocyte sedimentation rate in children
  • 2 Norma ESR men
  • 3 norm in the blood erythrocyte sedimentation rate in women
  • 4 ESR pregnancy

norm in the blood erythrocyte sedimentation rate in children

children rate ESR varies with age.ESR norm defined in children ranging from two to twelve mm / h.

For newborn babies ESR index should range from zero to two, sometimes up to 2.8 mm / h.there is no reason for mothers to worry if ESR is within this norm.In one month, the child is normal if the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is two to five mm / h.As the growth rate of up to six months ESR increases, ranging from four to six mm / h, sometimes this rate may reach ten mm / h.

Remember that the body of each child is different and so you should not worry too much if all the blood parameters of the baby are good, and the ESR bit too low or too high.This may be a temporary phenomenon, which does not endanger the child's health.

Up to one year the level of ESR would be considered normal if it does not go beyond that range from four to seven mm / h.Up to two years, the norm is considered an indicator of five to seven mm / h.With two to eight years, the norm is between seven and eight mm / h.But sixteen years, this figure may vary from eight to twelve mm / h.

Almost every injury or disease may be the cause of increase or decrease in ESR.But you should be aware that an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate is not always an indicator of disease.In the case of high analysis result should make deeper and more extensive survey.

If your child recently undergone an injury or illness ESR may be slightly inflated, and it does not scare you, as a stable component will be restored after two or three weeks.

Norma ESR men

The male body is much easier.For a man, the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation rate varies depending on the age.Therefore, men and sixty one year, the figure is up to eight mm / h, but in men older than sixty-one years of ESR rate should be up to fifteen mm / h.

norm in the blood erythrocyte sedimentation rate in women

normal rate ESR in the blood of women is the range of from two to fifteen mm / h.

This figure may be increased in a variety of inflammatory processes arising tumors, kidney disease, anemia, and bleeding.Excess protein in the plasma leads to a decrease in ESR.Increase of this indicator in the women's blood may occur due to starvation or compliance with a strict diet.

age, ESR rate may increase and reach up to twenty mm / h.However, this applies to women who are over sixty years old.

ESR pregnancy

During pregnancy rate ESR can either decrease or increase.During the first two trimesters of decline observed ESR.However, for some, this figure may increase.Often, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate observed in women after childbirth.This process involves the loss of hemoglobin in the blood of women with changes in the protein composition of the plasma and increasing the number of leukocytes.

Quite often this figure is misleading, since its value is very mobile and can be changed after a certain time under the influence of some factors.Therefore, if your blood test detected an exaggerated ESR, do not rush to panic, but rather make repeated analysis.If the result is repeated, then you should seek medical advice to prevent possible illness.

In the body of the pregnant woman occurs a large number of changes that lead to an increase or a decrease in many of the indicators in the blood.Often, in different forums, pregnant women share their fears, saying that in their analysis ESR showed thirty-eight, fifty-one, and even eighty-two mm / h.But it is no doctor has determined this is nothing wrong.And it is true, as the indicator of ESR is unlikely to show any pathology.Diseases often only approved after further research.