Before you understand the symptoms and causes of gingivitis in children, should be aware that it is an inflammatory disease in the oral mucosa, namely the gums.The reasons for its occurrence in the springtime medicine divides and internal.


  • 1 External causes of gingivitis
  • 2 Internal causes of gingivitis
  • 3 Symptoms of gingivitis
  • 4 Varieties of gingivitis in children
  • 5 Treatmentdisease

External causes of gingivitis

Children under one year and in the early period of development are impacted as a result of the process of teething.At this time, kids are often very active and pulling in the mouth variety of items that can injure the delicate mucous membrane of the gums.Besides all this, gingivitis occurs when injury of the mucous membrane of the gums in the event of improper installation of the seal, or the edge of time destroys tooth.

External causes of gingivitis include as different infections.Particularly active it can develop in the oral cavit

y affected carious hearth.Children who suffer from diabetes, nephropathy tuberculosis, the most susceptible to gingivitis.

Internal causes of gingivitis

These include such factors as the:

  • physiological dentition.There are cases where new tooth is growing, punching his way, injure gingival mucosa;
  • unbalanced diet and an acute shortage of vitamins in a child's diet;
  • immunosuppression.

Very often gingivitis is only a symptom of other diseases that are general in nature.It may also act as an independent disease.

Symptoms of gingivitis

According to its type inflammation of gingivitis is divided into such indicative types:

  • atrophic;
  • hypertrophic;
  • necrotizing;
  • catarrhal;
  • mixed.

Each of the above gingivitis can occur in acute and chronic forms.

Acute gingivitis - visually easily determined by examination of the child specialist.All children's complaints, if there is this disease is limited to the usual painful sensations in the oral cavity.At an early age the child may refuse from food intake, be tearful and irritable.

In the mouth there are all the classic signs of inflammation.This redness, swelling her;frequent bleeding gums, the occurrence of ulcers on the outer shell of the mucous gums.Increases, usually the amount of plaque on the teeth gingivitis.

Signs of chronic gingivitis is less pronounced, and the painting itself inflammation process, almost blurred.Moreover, in adolescents and young children, there is their own special form of gingivitis in chronic form - chronic hypertrophic gingivitis.This form of gingivitis occurs and develops on the background of hormonal changes, and in children with epilepsy.In chronic hypertrophic gingivitis interdental papillae grow very strongly that support the inflammatory process in the oral cavity.Hypertrophic growth of tissue is removed through surgery.

Varieties of gingivitis in children

catarrhal gingivitis. This is the most common form that occurs in infants.In general, the course of gingivitis in this form is accompanied by a sensation of pain in the mouth, unpleasant odor emissions.When brushing your teeth or eating can occur bleeding gums.

ulcerative gingivitis. He, in most of his cases, is a consequence of catarrhal gingivitis.It may occur in the background of children's exposure to cold, after undergoing severe contagious disease, or, again, when teething.Symptoms consist of the following: swelling, redness, and then the blue of the mucous membrane of the gums, their bleeding.

necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis . This is the most severe form of the disease.There is, as a rule, against the general grave condition of the body.In the case of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, the gums are covered by a touch of gray and green colors appear sores;increases the viscosity of saliva from the oral cavity and odor rot.

atrophic gingivitis. Acts as a result of inadequate dental intervention in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity.The process of inflammation, in this form of gingivitis is Just noticeable degree.Children's complaints of pain in the mouth may be completely absent.To diagnose atrophic gingivitis can only specialist, and only on the basis of a complete examination of the patient.

Treatment and prevention of diseases

When treating gingivitis recommended irrigation of the mouth with a solution of potassium permanganate 0.25%, or rinse the baking soda solution 0.5%.It is also possible to make the hydrogen peroxide rinsing with a 3% solution of potassium permanganate slightly pink solution, and the edges gums handle resorcinol.temporarily excluded from the children's menu, hot and cold dishes, the food should be slightly warm.The same guidelines should be applied to the drink.

great importance in the treatment of gingivitis child wears proper catering.The menu should include a sufficient amount of vitamins A, B, C, E, microelements.If the cause of gingivitis is another common disease, just need to take his medication as well.

For the prevention of gingivitis is recommended to follow the simple rules of oral hygiene.Children should brush their teeth daily twice with a toothbrush with soft bristles.Dentifrice is desirable to use a paste which contain antiseptic components in its composition.As a consequence of suffering gingivitis may experience various periodontal disease, which can cause in children early loss of temporary and even permanent tooth.

Below is a list of drugs that are used in the case of the treatment of gingivitis, but prior to use which required medical consultation: ambazone, bikltimol, banzidamin, Hexicon, geksaliz.