Biochemical analysis is an essential method of laboratory diagnosis of various diseases, changes in the functional state of organs and systems of the human body.Thanks to this method of research, you can determine the functioning of the liver and kidney to detect inflammation in the height of the stage, the imbalance of water-salt metabolism and trace elements.Using biochemical analysis can clarify the diagnosis, prescribe treatment, and then adjust it to determine the stage of the disease.
should follow simple rules to provide reliable data.Biochemical analysis is done on an empty stomach (need to give up food for 12 hours), as fluid intake may be a small amount of water, the blood should be taken in a sitting position or lying down, and it is necessary to carry out a fence from a vein.
What index is determined by biochemical analysis and mean that their deviations?Biochemical analysis
determine the serum total protein level.Normally, the protein is in general 65-85g / l range.If there i
next important figure - the level of hemoglobin, which provides oxygen transport in the blood.Normally, this figure more than men (130-160g / L) than in females (120-140g / L).When it comes reducing anemia, which is characterized by symptoms of tissue hypoxia.
also determines haptoglobin, which is a glycoprotein and binds specifically hemoglobin.In different age groups haptoglobin content varies widely.The clinic also determine the type of inheritance of the phenotype, they are three.The decline of this indicator indicates the presence of an autoimmune disease.The Enhance well - about the possible malignant tumor in the body - cancer cells.In children, normal serum, this value is in the range 250-1350 mg / L in adults 160-2000 mg / l, the elderly - 350-1750 mg / l.
For diagnosis of diabetes used to determine the level of blood glucose.Normally, the blood contains glucose in an amount of 3,3-5,5 mmol / l.With an increase of this indicator is necessary to address to the doctor-endocrinologist.
Expert opinion: In some benefits the upper limit of the blood glucose level increased to 6.02 mmol / L.
also determined the urea content - product of protein breakdown.Normally found in the blood urea concentration 3,6-8,3 mmol / l.Increase in blood urea content indicates poor renal excretory function and may impair the filtering process in the renal glomerulus.Increasing this figure is 2-2.5 times characteristic of disruption medium severity kidney.An increase to 25-35 mmol / l define renal severe.The urea concentration in acute renal failure current may reach up to 50-80 mmol / l.
Determination of serum creatinine as well as urea, it is necessary to identify the quality of the work of the kidneys.Normally not more than 0.1 mmol / l.
Monitoring of lipid metabolism is important in the diagnosis of various pathologies.Cholesterol (cholesterol) is an organic compound of natural origin fatty alcohol, which is contained in the cell membranes of living organisms.Low density lipoproteins, high density lipoproteins, total cholesterol and triglycerides in the lipid metabolism characterized fully.Normally, the total cholesterol is determined in the range 3,6-7,8 mmol / l, it is recommended blood level below 5 mmol / l.When elevated levels possible early appearance and progression of atherosclerosis.high density lipoproteins in healthy people are contained in blood in a concentration of 0.7-1.6 mmol / l, while for women - 0.8-2.3 mmol / l.Low-density lipoproteins in men are normally present in the range of 2-4,8 mg / dL in women is 1,9-5 mmol / l.
With the destruction of red blood cells formed bilirubin, which is then disposed of the body.Violation of this process can be traced to change such thing as total bilirubin.Normally, it is contained in the blood at a concentration of 8.5-20.55 mol / l.With an increase of this indicator occurs jaundice syndrome, which may be indicative of different pathologies: cirrhosis or liver cancer, poisoning poisons or gallstones.
Determination of alanine aminotransferase is also indispensable in the diagnosis of myocardial injury.The contents of this parameter in the blood should be normally 30 - 180 nkat / l.Raising his may indicate myocardial infarction, other forms of somatic injury or cardiac muscles.The appearance of the enzyme in the blood occurs only at destruction of liver cells or heart.
aspartate aminotransferase and its definition provide an accurate assessment of liver function.Normally, this figure varies between 30 - 130 nkat / L.There is a saying: "the liver alanine crying tears".
for splitting the body fat (triglycerides), there enzyme lipase.It is produced in the pancreas.Normally it contains up to 190 U / L.His appearance in the blood due to parenchymal gland.
enzyme cleavage and provides the digestion of carbohydrates in food - is amylase.The enzyme is secreted by the salivary glands and pancreas.When an inflammatory process in the body or breast tissue damage occurs increasing its normal level, which normally is 30-100 U / l.
Thus, following these simple rules when carrying out this simple method of laboratory diagnosis can accurately determine the diagnosis and treatment of etiotropic that will avoid further progression of the disease or even cure it completely.