dysbiosis - a fairly common disease that occurs in both adults and children, and is a violation of the normal microflora located in the intestines.In this case the normal microorganisms disappear, and in their place begins to multiply pathogenic microflora.
- 1 The causes of intestinal dysbiosis
- 2 symptoms of dysbiosis
- 3 intestinal dysbiosis in children
- 4 Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
- 5 Diet for intestinal dysbiosis
reasons for intestinal dysbiosis of
Among the factors that could affect the development of intestinal dysbiosis, plays the main role of immunosuppression.It may occur as a result of some disease, or after administration of various drugs.For example, the microflora in the gut are killed after long or frequent use of antibiotics uncontrolled.Furthermore, the use of glucocorticoid drugs, cytostatics or other immunosuppressants has a devastating effect on the microflora in the intestines.
Among infectious diseases should be noted,
symptoms of dysbiosis
Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis are identical in both adults and children.Among them have been complaints from the digestive tract, the skin and the syndrome of general intoxication.
gastrointestinal tract responds to the phenomenon of dysbiosis diarrhea or loose stools, constipation, rarely occurs.The abdomen is noted rumbling, bloating, flatulence.Frequent also tenesmus, false desires, or to the act of defecation.There may be a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel.Furthermore, there may be nausea and vomiting.Frequent and abdominal pain, which may have a different localization.
intestinal dysbiosis may be accompanied by loss of appetite.In the mouth, you may receive an unpleasant metallic taste and belching becomes a constant companion of the ill person.
syndrome of general intoxication of the organism is accompanied by general weakness, increased physical and mental fatigue, weight loss, insomnia or abnormal sleepiness, headache, fever.The person becomes irritable, aggressive or too passive.
to skin manifestations of the disease include itching, rashes of allergic type.The skin becomes dry, its turgor decreases.Phenomenon may develop anemia with pale skin.
depending on what stage the patient dysbacteriosis present manifest themselves or that its clinical manifestations.
Accepted provide four degrees of severity of dysbiosis.
At the first stage, signs of intoxication, cutaneous manifestations and dyspeptic symptoms may be absent or occur to a small extent.Number of normal microflora reduced, but still no pathogens.
At the second stage of dysbiosis reduced the normal intestinal microflora and pathogenic bacteria appear.A person can receive complaints of diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence.
For the third stage of the disease is characterized by inflammation in the development of the gut, which enhances its symptoms.
And here is the fourth step is heavy with pronounced changes in all organs and systems.It is very often there are complications, such as beriberi, cachexia, allergy.The man pronounced all the signs of dysbiosis: the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract, skin manifestations and general intoxication.
intestinal dysbiosis in children
intestinal dysbiosis in children can be caused by a wide variety of factors.This includes errors in nutrition and treatment with antibiotics, and stress, and frequent diseases of the respiratory system.Furthermore, dysbacteriosis and it may be associated with diseases of the digestive tract.
main danger of dysbiosis in children is that it can result in a growing child's body to a severe vitamin deficiency.And this in turn leads to a slowdown in its growth and development.
very dangerous to the development of dysbiosis in newborns and infants, because their digestive tract is practically sterile, and recognize the disease is difficult.
Infants at dysbacteriosis vomit food eaten, not gaining weight, becomes restless and moody.
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis is directed primarily to normalize normal microflora in it.
the only way to avoid a lot of unpleasant moments of the disease.
Treatment of dysbiosis - a responsible and requires the intervention of a specialist, especially when it comes to young children.
To restore the normal microflora prescribe medications that contain beneficial bacteria.These include "Lactobacterin", "Bifidumbacterin", "Bifikol".
You can also take a decoction of herbs, such as St. John's wort, chamomile, sage.These herbs have antiseptic action that prevents infection of the body other infections.
Diet for intestinal dysbiosis
Special diet at dysbacteriosis is not designed, however, there are some requirements that can help restore the intestinal microflora.
If dysbiosis occurred in breast-baby, it should be fed breast milk by canceling all mixtures and additives.If the child is older, you need to enter in his diet special diet.
diet in older children and adults is identical.In order to eat properly, you need to eliminate from your diet of raw fruits and vegetables.Of the meat you can eat white meat chicken, turkey or rabbit.
When dysbacteriosis very well have boiled potatoes.
To prevent useful to take dairy products, yogurt, sour cream, which contain a sufficient amount of beneficial bacteria.